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Guidelines for setting up of new industries in Karnataka State


No new industry specified below shall be permitted to be established within 1.5 k.m. from the embankment of the streams, rivers, dams as indicated below.  If any of  these water bodies are the source of drinking water, then such distance shall be stipulated which will not affect such waters by discharge of the pollutants.

List of Industries covered under the siting guidelines

  1. Distilleries 

  2. Tanneries, Sugar, Dailries

  3. Fertilizer

  4. Pulp & Paper (Large)

  5. Chemical Units (Large & Medium Scale)

  6. Petroleum Refinery

  7. Textile Dyeing units (Large & medium scale)

  8. Steel Plant (Electroplating, Heat Treatment, etc.,)

  9. Ceramics (Large & Medium scale)

  10. Thermal Power Station

  11. Basic drug manufacturing Units

  12. Pesticide (Large & Medium Scale)

  13. Asbestos

  14. Foundries (Large & Medium scale)

  15. Large Cement Plant (having 200T/D or more production capacity)

  16. Primary Metallurgical Industries

  17. Hydro Cyanic Acid and Derivatives

  18. Petroleum Products

  19. Viscose staple Fibre and Filament Yarn (Large)

  20. Caustic Soda, Chlorine, Phosphoric Acid, Hydrochloric Acid, Sulphuric Acid Units

  21. Dye & Dye Intermediates

  22. Storage Batteries with oxides of lead and antimony Units

List of Water bodies:

  1. Cauvery

  2. Kabini

  3. Arkavathy

  4. Shimsha

  5. Pennar

  6. Hemavathy

  7. Lakshman Thirtha

  8. Gundal river

  9. Lokapavani

  10. Palar

  11. Thunga

  12. Bhadra

  13. Thungabhadra

  14. Krishna

  15. Bheema

  16. Varada

  17. Ghataprabha

  18. Malaprabha

  19. Vedavathi

  20. Karanja

  21. Hagari

  22. All west flowing streams/rivers*

  23. All other streams/rivers carrying water either seasonally or throughout the year*

  24. All Major Dams, drinking water source (surface)

  25. All major irrigation canals.

* This is subject to the usefulness of such streams and rivers for supply of drinking water facility.


2.  No new Large/Medium/Small (Red & Orange Category) industry generating effluents, and or emissions shall be permitted within city/municipal limits and residential areas.


The Karnataka Industrial Area Development Board (KIADB) or any other agency developing industrial area shall obtain Environmental clearance from the Department of Ecology and environment and clearance from the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board before establishing such area.  Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) reports shall be submitted to the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board and obtain approval.

4.  Distance for establishing new industries specified in ANNEXURE - I in certain special category areas shall be as follows : -  
(a)   Ecologically and/or otherwise sensitive areas :
 At least 25 kms., depending on the geo-climatic conditions, the requisite distance shall have to be increased by the appropriate agency.  
(b) Coastal Areas :  

At least 1/2 km. from high tide line.  The stipulations made by Ministry of Environment  & forests Government of India in its  vide Notification No. S0 114(E), dated 19.02.1991, by Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, issued under the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, shall be strictly adhered to.  

 (c)  Transport / Communication System :  
At least 1/2 km. from National & State High-ways and Railway.  
(d)  Major Settlements (3,00,000 Population) :  

Appropriate distance for establishment of major industries around the cities having more than 3,00,000 population shall be prescribed by Karnataka State Pollution Control Board.  Wherever these distance cannot be maintained and at the same time it is inevitable to locate the industry, measures for prevention of pollution due to effluents, noise, emissions, odour etc., shall be insisted by the Board

 Ecological and / or otherwise sensitive areas include  
i) Religious and Historic Places
ii) Archeological Monuments
iii) Scenic Areas
iv) Hill Resorts
v) Beach Resorts 
vi) Health Resorts
vii) Coastal Areas rich in Mangroves, Breeding Grounds of Specific Species
viii) Estuaries rich in Mangroves, Breeding Grounds of Specific Species
ix) Biosphere Reserves
x) National Parks and Sanctuaries
xi) Natural Lakes, Swamps
xii) Seismic Zones
xiii) Tribal Settlements
xiv) Areas of Scientific and Geological Interest
xv) Defence Installations, specially those of security importance and sensitive to pollution
xvi) Air Ports  
5. No forest land shall be converted into non-forest activity for the sustenance of the industry.

Land acquired shall be sufficiently large to provide for appropriate treatment of waste water still left for treatment after maximum possible reuse and recycle.  Reclaimed (treated waste) water shall be used to raise green belt and to create water body for aesthetics, recreation and if possible for aquaculture. The green belt shall be sufficiently wide around the boundary limit of the industry.  For industry having odour problem, it shall be minimum of 30 mtrs. wide.

7. Enough space should be provided for storage of solid waste, so that the same could be available for possible reuse.

Siting Guidelines for Orange and Green category units

(GOK Notification No.FEE 195 ENV 2002 dtd 21.06.2003 & No.FEE 87 ENV 2005 dtd 05.07.2005)

1. Siting guidelines for green category industries would be minimal
2. No new Orange category industry generating effluent and /or emission shall be permitted within City/Municipal limits. Automobile servicing & repair stations (excluding heavy vehicles) are permitted within these limits subject to compliance of point no.9 of these siting guidelines. 
3. No orange category industry having effluent discharge shall be established within 500m from the riverbanks/reservoirs/major tanks.
4. No orange category industry shall be established within 75m of National and State Highway and State Highways, 50m of Main District Roads, 17.5m of Other District Roads and 15m of Village Roads.
5. No Orange Category industry shall be established within 12 Km from the notified archeological monuments.
6. No Orange Category industry shall be established within declared biosphere reserves and Eco sensitive zone.
7. No Orange Category industry shall be established within 10 Kms of the boundaries of National parks and Sanctuaries and wildlife corridors.
8. The industry proposed in the coastal areas shall be governed by the Coastal Regulation Zone rules issued by Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India, from time to time.
9. License for both orange and green category industries shall be issued by the Municipalities/Municipal Corporations after the industry obtains Consent for Establishment (CFE) from Karnataka State Pollution Control Board.

Policy on siting of stone crushers in Karnataka State

(Goverment of Karnataka OM No.FEE 13 EAA 99 (P) dtd 19.11.2001)

  1. Siting of stone Crushers:
    1. The location of the Stone Crushers shall be minimum 250 meters away from the boundary of National Highways and State Highways.
    2. inimum Distance should be 500 meters from sensitive areas such as religious places, schools/ educational institutions and rivers/lakes.
    3. Whenever the Stone Crushing unit is in the vicinity of the water body, the units must have garland canal and/or suitable drainage system shall be provided around the site/each unit, to collect the dusty storm water runoff. The drains shall be connected to a suitably designed holding tank to allow settlement of dust. The tank water may be suitably disposed off or used for dust control spraying. The settled dust in the tank has to be removed periodically and used to make concrete blocks etc.
  2. Air Pollution Control measures:
    1. To cover the crusher.
    2. The jaw crusher, the chute and conveyor system for crushed stone to be covered with suitable semi circular, M.S. Sheet/Zinc Sheet etc., the rotary screen to be completely closed leaving space at bottom for collection of the sieved jelly. Suitable exhaust and venting system of adequate capacity to be provided to guide the dust emanating from the crushers in to the staff through a cyclone to collect the dust.
    3. The conveyor belts, chutes especiously carrying smallest particles should be covered with semi circular M.S. Sheets and heaps shall be located in appropriate sheds Wherever possible with all possible arrangements to prevent escape of dust during loading and unloading operations. Also, suitable control measures like hood and cyclone system shall be provided.
    4. Suitable water sprinkling system shall be provided to reduce the dust from each dust generation area.
    5. Minimum 5 rows with a minimum 50 meters wide green belt of tall growing leafy trees should be planted around the crusher plant area to minimize dust and improve aesthetic appearance.
    6. Suitable safety measures shall be provided to protect workers from the ill effect of dust pollution.
    7. Suitable wind-breaking wall shall be provided to arrest the dust blown out of the premises.
    8. The road inside the crusher premises shall be metalled and water sprinkling arrangement shall be provided.
  3. Standards:
    1. Quantitative standards for the Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM)
    2. The suspended particulate matter contribution value at a distance of 40 meters from a controlled isolated as well as from a unit located in a cluster should be less than 600 µg/nm3. The measurements are to be conducted atleast twice a month for all the 12 months in a year and report submitted to the Board.
    3. The ambient Air quality adjacent to the boundary of the Stone Crushers shall confirm to the National Ambient Air quality standards prescribed under Air Act.
    4. Noise levels shall confirm to the Noise (Regulations and Control) Rules, 2002. In additions to the above, all the stone crushers shall comply to the standards prescribed under Environment (Protection) Act.

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